Glossary

TCP / IP computer & network protocols - reference map

 Extras

 
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The Defense Advance Research Projects Agency (DARPA) originally developed Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol (TCP / IP) as a mechanism for connecting different networks in the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) in a way that communication can 'survive' in any conditions. Internet, international, very widespread international network (WAN) using TCP / IP protocol into an environment of institutional and government institutions worldwide. This protocol suite is widely distributed in commercial and private networks. In the following picture in the list that follows lists all the protocols used by TCP / IP connected environment.

Graph that follows is compiled content TCP / IP model and the OSI model. The part that covers the TCP / IP has four groups of similar colors and their names are written in red-yellow letters on the middle of the picture, and some layers of the OSI model, separated by a space, and their names are written on the left side of the image with brown letters. Regarding intelligibility descriptions that follow, it is useful to remember the displayed image next image 'packages' contents from a higher to a lower layer (encapsulation) when sending data, or wrapping the new header content in the lower layer, and 'unpacking' contents from a lower layer to a higher when receiving data (decapsulation), as shown in Figure 7.4.6 animation - comparison of the OSI model and the TCP / IP model. Next image is mapped; label with the name of the protocol in each of the geometric shapes coupling according to the associated description.

 TCP / IP protocol map          Protocols according to layers
of OSI and TCP / IP models:

Basic TCP / IP protocol suite:
  • TCP
    Transmission Control Protocol
  • IP
    Internet Protocol version 4
  • IPv6
    Internet Protocol version 6
  • UDP
    User Datagram Protocol
TCP / IP protocol suite in relation to OSI model.
 

OSI model is essentially by the functionality divided into two groups:

Network devices for connecting computers basically serve the first three layers. Computers that have the role to interpret what needs to be sent or received using the all displayed layers and therefore the upper four layers are connected to him because all of the user's host computer program support, including worms and viruses with them all over. If the L4 group moved into the upper layer, layers are then divided into:

For fast retrieval of the contents that belong to different layers of the OSI model, or certain functions in the network are used for couplings of the image below and that are links in the table at this page, and the couplings that are the basic of TCP / IP protocol suite are links to the next page. For each protocol, according to its abbreviated name, made as coupling in the following table which leads to available pages and the place where is protocol briefly described.

Data Link Layer
ARP / RARP Address Resolution Protocol
& Reverse Address Resolution Protocol
DCAP Data Link Switching Client Access Protocol

Network Layer
DHCP Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
DVMRP Distance Vector Multicast Routing Protocol
ICMP / ICMPv6 Internet Control Message Protocol
IGMP Internet Group Management Protocol
IP (IPv4) Internet Protocol version 4
IPv6 Internet Protocol version 6
MARS Multicast Address Resolution Server
PIM Protocol Independent Multicast-Sparse Mode (PIM-SM)
RIP2 Routing Information Protocol
RIPng for IPv6 Routing Information Protocol for IPv6
RSVP Resource ReSerVation setup Protocol
VRRP Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol

Transport Layer
Mobile IP Mobile IP Protocol
RUDP Reliable UDP
TALI Transport Adapter Layer Interface
TCP Transmission Control Protocol
UDP User Datagram Protocol
Van Jacobson compressed TCP
XOT X.25 over TCP

Session Layer
BGMP Border Gateway Multicast Protocol
Diameter The Diameter base protocol
DIS Distributed Interactive Simulation
DNS Domain Name Service
ISAKMP / IKE Internet Security Association and Key Management Protocol
& Internet Key Exchange Protocol
iSCSI Small Computer Systems Interface
LDAP Lightweight Directory Access Protocol
MZAP Multicast-Scope Zone Announcement Protocol
NetBIOS / IP NetBIOS over IP for TCP / IP Environment

Application Layer
COPS Common Open Policy Service
FANP Flow Attribute Notification Protocol
Finger User Information Protocol
FTP File Transfer Protocol
HTTP Hypertext Transfer Protocol
IMAP4 Internet Message Access Protocol revision 4
IMPPpre / IMPPmes Instant Messaging & Presence Protocols
IPDC IP Device Control
IRC Internet Relay Chat Protocol
ISAKMP Internet Message Access Protocol version 4, revisison 1
ISP A transport mechanism for the applications
NTP Network Time Protocol
POP3 Post Office Protocol version 3
Radius Remote Authentication Dial In User Service
RLOGIN Remote Login
RTSP Real-time Streaming Protocol
SCTP Stream Control Transmision Protocol
S-HTTP Secure Hypertext Transfer Protocol
SLP Service Location Protocol
SMTP Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
SNMP Simple Network Management Protocol
SOCKS Socket Secure (Server)
TACACS+ Terminal Access Controller Access Control System
TELNET TCP / IP Terminal Emulation Protocol
TFTP Trivial File Transfer Protocol
WCCP Web Cache Coordination Protocol
X Window X Window

Routing
BGP-4 Border Gateway Protocol
EGP Exterior Gateway Protocol
EIGRP Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol
HSRP Cisco Hot Standby Router Protocol
IGRP Interior Gateway Routing
NARP NBMA Address Resolution Protocol
NHRP Next Hop Resolution Protocol
OSPF Open Shortest Path First
TRIP Telephony Routing over IP

Tunneling
ATMP Ascend Tunnel Management Protocol
L2F The Layer 2 Forwarding Protocol
L2TP Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol
PPTP Point to Point Tunneling Protocol

Security
AH Authentication Header
ESP Encapsulating Security Payload
TLS Transport Layer Security Protocol

Descriptions on this website are taken from the content quality web-site ' PROTOCOLS.COM ', which, among other things, a detailed description of the TCP / IP Suite of protocols. Descriptions on this pages are shortened and simplified, as picture books, concerning the acquisition of a general picture of the TCP / IP suite of protocols and serve as a quick reference. Therefore represent a very small part of a much more comprehensive contents of that site, which includes a description of other families of protocols (AppleTalk, ATM ...) and much more. To achieve complete insight into the possibilities of these protocols must be visited pointed web-site. Should not complain about time browsing ' PROTOCOLS.COM ' site because the original contents are really of very good quality. All recommendations!

For quick retrieval of particular pages of this site serves, a small menu is set at the top and bottom of each page.



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Citing this page:
Radic, Drago. " IT - Informatics Alphabet " Split-Croatia.
{Date of access}. <http://www.informatics.buzdo.com/specific/>.
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