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Preface

Introduction


  1. BASIC IT TERMS

1.1. CONCEPT OF INFORMATICS

1.2. AMOUNT OF INFORMATION

1.3. THEORY OF SIGNAL


  2. ELEMENTS OF DIGITAL COMPUTING SYSTEMS (DCS)

2.1. NUMBER SYSTEMS

2.1.1. Decade number system

2.1.2. Binary number system

2.1.3. Octal number system

2.1.4. Hexadecimal number system

2.2. CODE AND CODING

2.2.1. BCD code

2.2.2. ASCII code

2.2.3. Other codes

2.2.4. Unicode

2.3. COMPUTER ARITHMETIC

2.3.1. Binary arithmetic

2.3.2. II Complement

2.4. COMPUTER LOGIC

2.4.1. Logic of Sets

2.4.2. Basic Computer Logic Circuits


  3. ORGANIZATION AND STRUCTURE OF THE DCS

3.1. DEFINITION OF DCS

3.2. HISTORIC DEVELOPMENT OF DCS

3.3. COMPUTER HARDWARE

3.3.1. C P U (Microprocessor)

3.3.2. Organization of a Computer System

3.3.3. Address Field of the Computer (Map)

3.3.4. Execution of Instructions

3.3.5. Working (main) Memory

3.3.6. Permanent Memory

SCSI, SAS, SATA - RAID

Optical devices and Drives

USB stick

3.3.7. I / O Ports and Peripherals

3.3.8. Input and Output Devices of Computer

Computer Monitor

Computer Printer

Keyboard and Mouse, Computer ChipSet

3.3.9. Power Source - SPS

3.3.10. Uninterruptible Power Supply - UPS

3.4. COMPUTER SOFTWARE

3.4.1. Operating System

3.4.2. Language Processors (Compilers)

3.4.3. Programs for Programming

3.4.4. Customer aid Software

3.5. PC COMPUTER SYSTEM

3.5.1. Organization and Structure

3.5.2. Microprocessor - BUS

3.5.3. DMA - Direct Memory Access

3.5.4. Working (main) Memory

Addressing Memory

3.5.5.Permanent Memory

3.5.6. Programmable Counters, Interruptions (IRQ)

3.5.7. Graphics System

Color Correction of Monitor

3.5.8. Keyboard, Mouse

3.5.9. Peripherals

3.5.10. Motherboard

PCI-Express Motherboard - Chipset X79

PCI-Express Motherboard - Chipset Z77

PCI-Express Motherboard - Chipset Z87

PCI-Express Motherboard - Chipset Z97

PCI-Express Motherboard - Chipset Z170

PCI-Express Motherboard - Chipset Z270

PCI-Express Motherboard - Chipset NM10

3.5.11. Computer Casing

3.5.12. Accessibility of PC Systems

3.6. COMPUTER NETWORKS

Network subsystems

3.6.1. Network Topology

3.6.2. Protocols - OSI Model

3.6.3. PC in the network

Configuring the PC Network

Organization of the Network System

Network System NETWARE

3.6.4. Network Interface Card (NIC)

UTP, STP communication cable

Optical communication cable

3.6.5. Modem

3.6.6. ISDN, ADSL, VDSL, Cable Internet


  4. MICROSOFT WINDOWS OPERATING SYSTEMS

4.1. MS-DOS Operating System

4.1.1. File and its specification

4.1.2. View the content of disk, directory and file

4.1.3. Copy, move and delete

4.1.4. Commands of System

4.2. MS-WINDOWS 3.11 Graphical User Interface (GUI)

4.2.1. Program group MAIN

4.2.2. File Manager

4.3. WINDOWS 95, 98 Operating System

START menu

4.3.1. Desktop

4.3.2. Windows Explorer (WE)

4.3.3. Control Panel

4.3.4. Computer Networking

Adjusting TCP / IP network settings

4.3.5. Connecting to Windows XP Operating System

4.4. WINDOWS XP Operating System

START menu

4.4.1. General features of OS

4.4.2. Structure of OS

Users of the system

System Policy

Computer Devices

4.4.3. Adjusting regional settings

Adjusting display and performance

Adjusting environment variables

Relocation of working maps

4.4.4. Windows XP in the network

TCP / IP network settings

Wireless networking

System protection - Firewall

4.4.5. Registry

4.4.6. Protection of data (backup)

Symantec Norton GHOST

System Restore

4.4.7. System Junctions and Links

4.4.8. System Supervision

4.4.9. RAM-Disk

4.5. WINDOWS 7 Operating System

START menu

Initial installation of OS

Complete installation of OS

Basic adjustment of OS

4.5.1. General features of OS

4.5.2. Structure of OS

Users and Devices

4.5.3. System adjustment

System and Security

General settings of the System

Network Connection

Devices and Hardware

Software and Gadgets

User Account, Parental Control and CardSpace 

Displaying and Personality

START menu, maps, and files

Regional and Language settings

Ease of Access and Speech Recognition

Other settings of System and Software

4.5.4. Relocation of working maps

4.5.5. Windows 7 in the network - TCP / IP settings

Availability of resources (Sharing)

Wireless networking

4.5.6. System protection - Firewall

4.5.7. XP Mode

4.6. WINDOWS 10 Operating System

Installation - Menus of OS - Networking at home

4.6.1. Structure of OS (Folders and Files)

4.6.2. Adjustments - Relocating of maps (folders)

And now something completely different!

Anniversary update - PC Upgrade

CCN - Crazy, Confused, Normal

4.6.3. Security, VPN, Proxy


  5. UNIX OPERATING SYSTEMS

5.1. LINUX - DEBIAN Operating System

Initial installation of OS

Complete installation of OS

5.1.1. General features of Debian OS

5.1.2. File System Model

5.1.3. Structure of File System

File System; root, boot, bin, lib, dev 

File System; etc, mnt, proc, tmp

File System; home, usr, var

5.1.4. Basic commands of operating system

5.1.5. Rest of operating system commands

5.1.6. Command interpreter (Shell) - scripts

5.1.7. Maintaining the Operating System

5.1.8. X Window graphics subsystem

5.2. LINUX - UBUNTU Operating System


  6. SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT

6.1. PHASES OF SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT

Example of the initial stages of software development

6.1.1. Guessing a random number

6.1.2. System of linear equations

6.1.3. Surface of trigonometric figures

6.1.4. Flow of trigonometric functions

6.1.5. Sorting by the length of the text

6.1.6. Range of oblique shot

6.2. PROGRAMMING

6.2.1. QBASIC programming tool

6.2.2. Possibilities of QBASIC

6.2.3. Programming in QBASIC

6.2.4. Algorithm, flowchart and program code

6.2.5. Programming in QBASIC by Chapters 6.1.X


  7. INFORMATICS IN PRACTICE

7.1. A/D - D/A CONVERTERS

7.1.1. A/D Converter

Characteristics of A/D converters

Converters in Measurement - Sensors

7.1.2. D/A Converter

Characteristics of D/A converters

7.2. MICROCONTROLLERS

Programming Microcontrollers

7.3. COMPUTERS AND PROCESSES

Display output Data

7.3.1. On-line systems

Improving the system with Open Loop

Auxiliary functions

7.3.2. Computer operating aids

The role and use of work aids

Examples of computer work aids

7.4. INTERNET

Principles of Internet working, OSI - TCP / IP model

7.4.1. Services of the Internet

7.4.2. TCP, UDP Port - Socket

7.4.3. TCP / IP protocol Stack

Access to a network media - MAC address

7.4.4. Network Devices

Ethernet network card (NIC)

7.4.5. DNS - DHCP service

7.5. INTRANET

7.5.1. Structured cabling

7.5.2. Wireless communication

7.5.3. Proxy server

7.6. SOHO - Thomson Gateway ST780i WL

7.6.1. Basic Configuration (management)

7.6.2. Settings for Programs (Software)

7.7. EARNING ON THE INTERNET

7.7.1. Google Webmaster Tools, Google Analytics

7.7.2. Google AdSense, Google AdWords

7.8. pH METER (pH)

7.9. C4ISR

7.10. FORMULA 1 (F1)

Formula E - Electric race car

7.11. ELECTRIC CAR (BEV)


  8. GLOSSARY OF IT TERMS

| No | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N |

| O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X,Y | Z | @,#,$ |


Specific IT Concepts

Chip - Integrated Circuit

CLI commands of IOS - Classes of networks, subnetting

Computer & network protocols; TCP / IP - OSI model

DVB - Digital Video Broadcasting - Digital TV

ECDL / ICDL (European / International Computer Driving Licence) 

Encrypting - GnuPG ( GNU Privacy Guard )

Grounding of electronic devices - GND (ground)

Mobile devices - phone, smartphone, tablet

Multimedia - Home Theater

Multimedia, program support (software) - NAS

Network equipment - Patch cabinet (rack)

Syntax - rules of use commands and editing documents

Virtual Computer - Microsoft Virtual PC 2007

Virtual Computer - Oracle VirtualBox


  9. APPENDIX - CODE PAGES

437 ( DOS ) Latin US - code page

850 ( DOS-CROSCII ) Latin I - code page

852 ( DOS ) Latin II - code page ( HR )

1252 ( MS Windows ) Latin 1 - code page

1250 ( MS Windows ) Latin 2 - code page ( HR )

8859-2 ( ISO) Latin 2 - code page ( HR )

1250 Latin Extended ( Unicode ) - code page ( HR )

Most important keyboard shortcuts (abbreviations)

Instruction for installation of Software


10. BIBLIOGRAPHY


11. WEB LINKS


12. INDEX OF TERMS

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Citing this page:
Radic, Drago. " IT - Informatics Alphabet " Split-Croatia.
{Date of access}. <http://www.informatics.buzdo.com/>.
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